The musculoskeletal system is usually described as an integration of the muscular and skeletal systems. In fact, it is a complex integration of the skeletal, muscular, and neurological systems – all tied together and connected by fascia.
The skeletal system is comprised bones, cartilage, and joints, which provide the framework and support for the body.
The muscular system consists of muscles and tendons, which attach to bones to stabilize the body and enable movement.
The interaction between the muscles and skeletal systems is facilitated by the neurological system, which consists of the brain, spinal cord and nerves. The nervous system controls the tone, and contraction and relaxation of the muscles, to enable the stabilization and movement of the skeletal system.
The muscular, skeletal and neurological systems are held together by the fascial system, a thin, connective tissue that surrounds and encases everything in the body in a continuous, three-dimensional web, to provide connection, support and a protective framework for all the other components of the body. Fascia helps to distribute mechanical forces, coordinate the movement of muscle, nerves, blood vessels and bones and transmit tension and movement between different parts of the body. Fascia affects muscle function, joint mobility and static and dynamic posture.
The musculoskeletal system is a complex integration of the skeletal, muscular and neurological systems, held together and connected by fascia. To be effective, a bodyworker must consider, and address, all four aspects of it.